Energy 2.0

Biodiesel program in India

Posted on: June 23, 2008

In India most of the trials were done using bio diesel from Karanj and Jatropha.

 

Indian Railway Conducted a successful trial run of an Express Passenger train on the Delhi-Amritsar route using 5% of biodiesel as fuel. Indian Oil Corporation began in January 2007 field trials of running buses on diesel doped with 5% biodiesel. Hariyana Roadway buses used of Biodiesel. Automobile manufacturers like Mahindra and Mahindra, Ashok Leyland etc. have already tried biodiesel mix as a fuel for their vehicles. Harbinsons Biotech Pvt. Ltd. has set up pilot plant at Gurgaon. IIT Delhi, IIT Chennai, have already set up a biodiesel products facility of 60 kg/day at Faridabad. Mahindra and Mahindra Ltd. has a pilot plant using Karanj for Biodiesel production in Mumbai.

 

What are biofuels

 Renewable fuels from biosources includes : –

1. Ethanol

2. Biodiesel

3. Biogas

Why Biofuels

• Pollution threat

• Reduction of green house gas emission

• Regional development

• Social structure & Agriculture

• Security of supply.

Importance of Biodiesel

• Environment friendly

• Clean burning

• Renewable fuel

• No engine modification

• Increase in Engine life

• Biodegradable & non toxic

• Easy to handle and store.

 

 

Sr.

Parameters

Quantity

Rs in crores

1

Imports Currently Petroleum Products

70%

1,27,000

2

Petroleum Products Demand target (200-07)

120.4 MT

 

3

Domestic Production of Crude oil and Natural gas

33.97 MT

 

4

Huge gap between Demand and Production

86.43 MT

 

5

Current Consumption of Diesel in India Approx

40 MT

 

6

Consumption Expected to reach in 2006-07(5.6%)

52.32 MT

 

7

Crude Oil Requirement

105 MT

 

8

Imports of Crude Oil

70.00%

 

9

Present Production of Crude oil

30.00%

 

10

Demand of Crude oil in 2006-07

78.00 MT

 

 

The economy of a country mainly depends upon its energy source. Energy source is the main contribution factor for the development and growth of the developing countries. Among the various sources identified for alternate fuel Non-edible oils were considered to be ideal in view of compatible properties with respect to diesel. This Biodiesel concept is been adopted with Jatropha and Karanj oils in our country.

 

India has vast tract of degraded lands, mostly in areas with adverse Agro – Climatic condition, where hardy tree bone oil seed Species like jatropha, Karanj, etc. can be grown easily. Even 30 million Hectares planted for Biodiesel can completely replace the current use of Fossil fuel. Our oil bill is presently $ 6 Million a Year and the Waste Land Development would required only about 1000 Crores per Year for 20 Years to make India self sufficient forever in oil. Developing A strong market for Biodiesel would have Treatmendous economic Benefits. Investment in Biodiesel will have great

Future.

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