Karanj and Jatropha cultivation
Posted June 23, 2008on:
Bio Diesel is source of energy, supplement for Petroleum products. Bio Diesel is manufactured by using different edible and non-edible oils but edible oils use is not economical and no surplus production for costing purposes. So other sources are non-edible oils, such as Karanj oil, Neem oil, Mahua Oil, Jatropha oil, and Karanj oil. In compression ignition and spark ignition engines for different utilities Since India can not affroad the use of edible vegetable oils as power sources because of short supply, Researcher and planner suggested the use of non edible vegetable oils as alternatives fuels like Pongamia, Jatropha and Neem etc .As India consists of 40% of waste land .It is develop all theses lands by growing non edible oil plants which not only gives the oil but also enriches the environment by adding the green forest cover for Ecological balance.
According to Indian climate and Research Government of India decided to undertake plantation of Karanj and Jatropha plants in barren, waste and unfertile soil from North to South and East to West, Government of India decided two Non Edible oils from Karanj and Jatropha plants are suitable for Biodiesel manufacturing.
So it is better to use the available plants, which produce the non-edible oil seeds to cater the needs at rural level for self-sustainability. Though there are more than 300 different species of trees which produces oil bearing seeds, pongamia and jatropha are the drought resistant plants, which grow with limited water which has enough potential to meet the fossil fuel demand at rural level. Hence these plants can well be utilized to produce the Biodiesel at rural and industrial level. Karanj plant is known by different names as per local level. Pongamia pinnata is botanical name from leguminosea family. It has different uses, medicinal as well as Ayurvedic. Karanj has long life from 60 to 80 years. It has tendency to stay in drought condition, no need of irrigation. Karanj plant is resistant to diseases and insects free. They also used as road shading tree because it is green in summer also. So it helps to increase the natural beauty and decrease the soil erosion. Karanj cake and leaves also helpful in organic manure accordingly it helps to increase the economy of Indian farmers.
Now a days agriculture forestry Dept. worked on different varieties of Karanj plant for high yielding and high oil percentage. Some institutions like SUTRA, Dept. of Mechanical Engg., Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore has developed the hybrid variety by grafting which is high yielding and oil percentages. Planting methods, fertilizers and new techniques also developed. Stump technique is method in which plants are grown for one year in nursery and transfer in the field after one year by making stump shape by removing leaves and branches which is more convenient for transportation. It saves the money and nursery accessories. Other technique is tissue culture, helps to produce good quality seed plant in short time.
Jatropha curcus is plant belongs to Euphorbiaceae family known by Mogali Erand, Ratan jyot, Ratna jyot in Telagu Nepalam and Yellamunaka, in Kannada Kadalabudu.etc. in different regions of India . Jatropha plant is used by local and Adivasi people for different purpose. All parts of plants are used by local people. It has medicinal value. Its roots are used against Aatisaar, stem used for dental problem an4 tooth cleaning, leaf extract also useful in cattle problem.
Benefits of Karnj and Jatropha cultivation: –
• Cultivation of Karanj and Jatropha plants prevents soil erosion and makes the soil fertile.
• Cost of cultivation is low as compare to other plants.
• Low requirement of water and also stay in low ground water level.
• Seasonal and regional acceptance.
• Often cheated by unfavorable monsoon.
• Lack of insurance coverage.
• Long life plant
• Low insect and disease damage.
• It increases rural employment.
• Pollution control.
Bio-Diesel Plantation Requirement
PRESENT CONSUMPTION OF DIESEL 3 CRORES 70 LAKH TON
IF 20% BIODIESEL USED WITH DIESEL REQUIRED 70 TO 80 LAKH TON BIODIESEL OIL
80 LAKH TON OIL REQUIRED
FOR 80 LAKH TON OIL REQUIRED
1 CRORE HECTRE LAND FOR PLANTATION